Bichon Frise (Bichon à poil
The Bichon Frise dates back as far as the 13th century. The breed
is a descendent of the Poodle and the Barbet Water Spaniel. Now
days they would probably be named a Spanielpoo! The Bichon was traded
all over the world by Spanish sailors. The dog eventually became
a favourite of the 16th century French royal courts. In the 19th
century it was a popular organ grinder's dog and also a circus performer.
Today the Bichon Frise is primarily a companion and show dog.
The Bichon Frise is a small, sturdy, little dog. When the dog is
clipped in a show cut the body gives off a round appearance. The
skull is slightly rounded. The muzzle is shorter than the skull,
is not pointed, with a slightly pronounced stop. The round eyes
are black or dark brown. The ears are dropped covered in long hair.
The teeth should meet in a scissors bite. The legs are straight
and medium boned. Dewclaws are usually removed. The tail is carried
over the back.
The double coat is soft to the touch. The outer coat is 7-10cm.
long and is coarser and curlier than the soft dense undercoat. Coat
colours include solid white, cream, grey or apricot. White is preferred
in the show ring. The coat is hypo-allergenic.
Pet owners usually clip the dog in an easy care puppy cut that
is the same length all over the body. The dog can be shown with
it's coat clipped like a poodle or with a long, puffy coat with
the feet and muzzle clipped.
The Bichon is a fluffy, little white dog that loves human company.
It has an independent spirit, is intelligent, affectionate, bold
and lively. This charming, gentle dog is not vocal. It has a self-assured,
happy temperament that is easy to live with. These bright little
dogs are easy to train and just plain old love everyone. They need
people to be happy.
They are naturally sociable and are happiest when they are part
of a family that takes them everywhere. This sociable trait also
means that they are fine in the company of other dogs & pets
and are excellent with children. Used as watchdogs and to perform
tricks, this breed is competitive and obedient. Like a lot of smaller
breeds, the Bichon can take a while to house train. The Bichon Frise
needs rules to follow, and limits to what they are and are not allowed
They also need at least one walk a day with what they consider
to be their pack. Do not allow this little dog to believe he is
the number one, the pack leader alpha dog. This can cause varying
degrees of a wide variety of issues Including: obsessive barking,
being over protective, not being able to be left alone, snapping,
and even biting. These are not Bichon traits, but rather behaviours
brought on by the way the dog is treated. If you begin to be your
dogs pack leader, and are self assured, calm consistently and assertive
towards the dog, providing daily pack walks, the Bichon will be
a very stable minded, trustworthy dog.
Height: Dogs 23-30cm. Bitches 23-28cm.
Some are prone to watery eyes, cataracts, skin and ear ailments,
also epilepsy and dislocated kneecaps. They can be very sensitive
to flea bites.
The Bichon Frise can live in a flat if it gets enough exercise.
They are fairly active indoors and can live without a garden.
These are active little dogs, which require at least one good walk
a day. Play will take care of a lot of their exercise needs, however,
as with all breeds, play will not fulfil their primal instinct to
walk. Dogs that do not get to go on daily walks are more likely
to display behaviour problems. They will also enjoy a good romp
in a safe open area off lead.
About 15 or more years
1 - 6 puppies - Average 4 – 5
This breed should be groomed frequently and bathed every month.
Professional grooming is recommended every 4 weeks. Trim around
the eyes and ears with a blunt pair of scissors and clean the eyes
extensively to prevent staining. Show dogs are trimmed with scissors.
The body of the pet dogs may be clipped with electric clippers though
the rest of the dog must still be scissored. The Bichon sheds little
to no hair and is good for allergy suffers.